Can a person change the "system" from within, being a part of the "system"? Many idealistic young men and women attempt to do it.They join the civil services with a view to change the "system" which includes not only the civil services but also the political system as also the lager society.My answer is that they cannot change the system while being a part of the very system .Why?
The reason is that civil servants are required to obey the service conduct rules.These conduct rules put several severe restrictions on what they can say or do in public , and what they cannot.Any violation of conduct rules can be punished , with suspension .These conduct rules and their alleged violations make the civil servants quite vulnerable , and drastically reduces their capacity to take up fights with vested interests.
Further , it also raises several ethical issues including the accountability of civil servants to the government of the day.Many decisions of the government may be morally indefensible but may not be illegal.Such decisions have to be implemented by the civil servants.Under the existing scheme of things , the government is accountable to the legislature, and not the civil servants per se.
The moral is that if someone wants to change the "system",he or she needs to do it by coming out of the government .And then he or she may try to change the mindset of the public which accepts and creates this 'system'.Otherwise , such attempts at change are likely to fail.