The column by Ramchandra Guha with the title "The Dark and Desperate State of Uttar Pradesh" published in the Hindustan Times on Sunday,October 11,2015 is thought provoking.Anyone connected in any way ,with Uttar Pradesh , needs to ask himself or herself a few questions.
1.Do you agree that three decades on ,while Bihar,Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan have shown some (modest) signs of progress ,UP has become even more sick ,whether reckoned in terms of economic development ,education , health or social (and especially communal) peace, it is absolutely the worst governed state.?
2.The political class in UP-even by Indian standards-is excessively prone to corruption?
3.The most important reason why the state of UP is so depressing is its large size?UP should be divided into four smaller states for more focused and fairer governance?
Having worked in UP as an IAS officer for 35 years and experienced the above problem continuously ,I can say without any doubt that I agree with questions 1 and 2 above.
But I am not sure if the solution lies in dividing the state into four smaller states .While I agree that smaller size is easier to monitor , both from the point of view of development as well as law and order. But smaller size alone will not help.The real remedy lies in rooting out the endemic corruption in the governance apparatus(political , bureaucratic,police, judiciary) at all levels.The cancer of corruption is so chronic that a major surgery is needed.The questions are:Who will do it?How will it be done?And when?